Ordinarily, a patient with psoriatic arthritis feels inflammation in his/her joints. However, there may be other symptoms of it. Here, I will tell you the psoriatic arthritis diagnosis criteria. It is a shocking news for me that more than 7 million people endure a painful disease which is called “psoriasis”. The other appalling fact for me is that upto 40% patients with Psoriasis suffer from PsA. Moreover, it is a common observance that sufferers of PsA are 20 to 50 years old. Let’s start the diagnostic criteria for psoriatic arthritis.
3 Psoriatic Arthritis Diagnosis Criteria
There are 3 ways to diagnose psoriatic arthritis. I will discuss it one by one,
By common Observance
Every sufferer of PsA knows the symptoms of it. So, by seeing the symptoms closely, PsA got diagnosed in ancient times.
- Swollen Joints
- Muscle Pain
- Nail scoring
- Pain in Nails
- Hurting Eyes (Rare)
- Pain in fingers and Toes
Aforementioned symptoms are common in the patients with psoriatic arthritis. So, anyone could asses by seeing these symptoms.
Moll and Wright Criteria
To diagnose the PsA in 1973, it was also a common technique. There are other 5 types of PsA and patient having any one type is considered PsA patient.
- DIP Nails pitting: It is the initial stage and sufferers of psoriasis commonly get this problems.
- Arthritis Mutilans: In this stage a patient may feel inflammation in joints of feet and hands. In addition, hands and feet disfigure and get a scary shape.
- Symmetrical Polyarthritis: Due to this type of PsA, patient might feel inflammation in 2 or more joints on both sides of body.
- Asymmetric Oligoarthritis Arthritis: People with asymmetric oligoarthritis arthritis feel pain at 4 points (Joints) in your body. Additionally, It may affect one side of your body.
- Predominant Spondylitis: It mainly disturbs the vertabrea.
According to this method, a patient have 3 points out of following 5 points.
- Family History: If either one of the parents of a person has psoriasis or person has 2 siblings with psoriasis.
- Nail Pitting or psoriasis
- No RF factor in blood
- X-ray may show the formation of new bone.
- Pain in fingers and toes
Diagnosis through different Tests
You can diagnose PsA by following tests
- RF Factor (Blood Test)
- Joint Fluid Test
Tip of the day
Unless you will lose your weight, you cannot mitigate the severity of this disease. Weight loss is the basic technique to overcome the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.