Although HIV infection is a life threatening disease (at any stage), a person with this poison can lead a balanced life for 25 years after getting it. Do you not believe this? Let me exemplify my point with “Magic Johnson”- A retired basketball American Player. Search about him and you will find that how he is spending a quality life even though he was infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus 20 years back. This article is very special for this type of virus-infected persons. Because I am about to tell the 5 stages of HIV infection in great detail with several symptoms and signs.
5 Stages of HIV Infection
It cannot affect the person’s body over the night, its effects may be seen after a long period of time. However, the following stages are enough to identify it,
Stage 1: Acute Primary Infection
It is the initial level and probably its span period expand from four to six weeks. Initially, a sufferer can feel flu-like symptoms. Moreover, the patient can feel fatigue, fever, and rashes during this period of time.
At the initial stage, the viral level is more rigorous owing to the strong immune system of the body. And the immune system can combat that mild attack of the virus at an initial phase.
Let’s assume that HIV (a Virus) is the main culprit and to protect from this culprit our body has police cells called CD4 cells. This Virus mainly affects the CD4 cells. A normal person has 1200 CD4 cells. With acute primary infection, the number of these cells drop up to 900.
Stage 2: Asymptomatic
Stage 2 is called the sign-less step. Usually, no sign of HIV appears during this point. However, HIV can expand from 1st year of infection to the 5th year. More importantly, the number of CD4 cells decreases drastically during this period. It goes down from 900 to 500. At the same time, the virus replicates itself slowly in the blood of the patient.
Stage 3: Symptomatic HIV infection
It may appear from 6 to 9 years with a lot of symptoms. CD4 level decreases further up to 350 due to HIV attack. With this quantity of CD4 cells, it is very difficult for the immune system to protect the body from other virus attacks that is why the body might see several symptoms at this level. Following are the symptoms at level 3:
- Swollen Glands in the neck
- Weakness and tiredness
- Weight loss
- Fungal Nail Infections
- Mouth Sore
Stage 4: Acute Signs
This level may be seen after 9 to 11 years of infection. CD4 cells may decrease to the bottom with an increase in HIV virus. Various common symptoms of this period are being mentioned below;
- Abdominal Pain
- A headache
- Painful mouth blister
The frequency of above-mentioned signs is at peak at this level.
Stage 5: AIDS
The last level of it is also called AIDS. If HIV infection remains untreated, a sufferer may face AIDS in 12 years after getting infected. Furthermore, the depleting treasure of CD4 cells almost at zero levels at this level. Lastly, it is the complete defeat of the body against the war with the virus.
Therefore, early diagnosis of this disease is more important than treatment.